Limestone quarry in TuraTura is the name of a village, located some 13 kilometres to the south of Cairo on the eastern bank of the Nile, well-known for its limestone quarry that has been in continuous use since ancient times. The quality of the stone delved here rates among the best in Egypt and is renowned for its white colour and smooth surface. As a consequence, it was used to encase the pyramids and mastabas at Saqqara and at Giza and also to create many of the Old Kingdom masterpieces of art, such as false doors, statues, reliefs and sarcophagi. There is also a large Predynastic cemetery at Tura.