Tomb of Horemheb (found in 1975)

View over the tomb of HoremhebHoremheb's tomb at Saqqara was constructed when its owner was Generalissimo of the Egyptian armies under King Tutankhamun (1333-1323 B.C.). This means he must have been responsible for the foreign affairs of the boy-king, who died childless around the age of 18. Horemheb seems to have missed the opportunity to grasp the power then. He succeeded, however, four years later after the death of Tutankhamun's successor, Ay. As Pharaoh, Horemheb started the construction of a new tomb in the Theban Valley of the Kings. His old tomb at Saqqara was used for the burial of his queen, Mutnodjmet. It was discovered by art robbers at the beginning of the 19th century. Various reliefs were sold to a number of European and American museums, including the RMO in Leiden. The tomb was then relocated by the Anglo-Dutch mission in 1975 and the excavations lasted until 1979. They were resumed in 1999-2000 with an inspection of the south exterior wall and its foundations, and in 2004-2006 when the expedition uncovered the forecourt and First Pylon of the tomb.