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Result Pubquiz 2018

2018-11-15T14:23:45+01:00November 15th, 2018|Categories: News|

Annual Saqqara Pubquiz 2018

The Final Results of the fifth annual Pubquiz are here!

Winner of the Dutch “Enige Echte Egypte Pubquiz 2018” is team *Ramses shabti* (Nico Staring, Huw Twinston-Davies, Paul van Pelt, Jurgen van Oostenrijk and Tessa de Roo).

Congratulations!! It was a close call, between the first four teams there is only one point difference each.

Photographs of the evening will be put online tomorrow!

Plaatsing Teamnaam Score
1 Ramses shabti 76
2 Hnqt irp 75
3 Fenedj Heb 74
4 Per-Pesdjeti 73
5 RA-vage 68
6 Ichemw-sk 63
7 Incognito 61
8 Nfr-Hr 55
9 Team Regret 54
10 Chaos 49
11 Malesh 48
12 Kemet 39
13 Haagse Hry 38
14 Arnold’s Angels 28
15 Gelderse Glorie 24
16 Peter 8

Lustrum Edition Pub quiz by Friends of Saqqara

2018-08-29T05:32:52+01:00August 29th, 2018|Categories: News|

Wednesday evening 14 November 2018: lustrum edition of the “Enige Echte Egypte Pubquiz”, organized by Friends of Saqqara at the National Museum of Antiquities, as part of their 200th anniversary celebrations.

Who will win the coveted title ‘best Ancient Egypt connoisseur in the Low Countries’? Our pub quiz will test the contestants’ knowledge of Ancient Egypt through questions on art, history, archaeology, religion, literature and language – but also on famous museum objects, Egyptomania and the Saqqara necropolis. New this year: a crowd source round, with questions sent in by our public.
A pub quiz is not a pub quiz without drinks and nibbles. The museum’s Taffeh Hall is our pub for the evening, with consumptions available from the bar.
The scholarly soundness of the questions and answers is ensured by our expert jury. At the end of the evening, they will decide who wins the title and the honour. The three best teams, as well as the team to come in last, will receive prizes.

Quiz questions wanted!
New in our Egypt Pubquiz is the crowd source round. Have you got a clever Egypt pub quiz question that only you know the answer to? Mail your question to friends@saqqara.nl ! When the Quizmaster comes to your question, you will have an immediate advantage over your competitors.

What to submit?

· A multiple choice question related to ancient Egypt (archaeology, monuments, texts etc.), to Egyptology, excavators, explorers, or to modern (popular) culture containing ancient Egyptian elements.

· A relevant illustration, or possibly a sound fragment (if you don’t have an original in your possession, a reference to an online image, video or sound fragment will do).

· The correct answer, and optionally one or more (misleading) incorrect answers.
The organizers of the Egypt Pubquiz reserve the right to rephrase questions and answers submitted and chosen for the quiz. We are very excited to learn which obscure trivia you can come up with!

Event details
Date: Wednesday 14 November 2018
Time: 19.00-22.00 hrs
Location: National Museum of Antiquities, Rapenburg 28, Leiden
Language: Dutch
Entrance fee: €10 p.p., including one drink
Registration: via friends@saqqara.nl

Extra Lecture Ramadan Hussein

2018-11-29T11:20:56+01:00June 6th, 2018|Categories: News|

Since Ramadan Hussein will be in Leiden to speak at our Saqqara-Day we asked him if he would be willing to also present at Leiden University for staff and students. He kindly agreed to do so! His talk will be on:
New Philology and the Study of Egyptian Religious Texts
Students of ancient Egyptian religious literature have long adhered to research practices that constitute the core of the discipline of Philology. However, Philology itself underwent a serious methodological reevaluation as a result of criticism that was once called ‘the Crisis of Philology’. Therefore, newer textual research approaches were called for, forming what has been called ‘New Philology’. 
This lecture addresses briefly the status of Egyptological textual research in light of ideas generated in both traditional Philology and ‘New Philology’.


Location + Date/Time:
Lipsius 147 – Friday 15 June 2018, 17.00


Programma 16e Saqqara-dag, 16 juni 2018 (in Dutch)

2018-05-16T08:42:32+01:00May 14th, 2018|Categories: News|

Zaterdag 16 juni 2018
Lipsius-gebouw (Universiteit Leiden)
Cleveringaplaats 1

09:00-09.45u Inschrijving en ontvangst met koffie/thee
09.45-10.00u Opening 16e Saqqara-dag door de voorzitter van Friends of Saqqara Vincent Oeters


10.00-10.45u The Saqqara Saite Tombs Project: Recent Discoveries (Engelstalig) Ramadan Hussein
10.45-11.15u Pauze met koffie/thee
11.15-12.00u Facebook voor het hiernamaals: Netwerken van elitegraven in het Oude Rijk Nicky van de Beek
12.00-14.00u Lunchpauze (op eigen gelegenheid)
14.00-14.15u Korte presentatie Willem Hovestreydt
14.15-14.30u Opnieuw een kleine ibis-surpise Rob Demarée
14.30-14.45u Een corpus van reliëfs uit Memphis: Nieuws uit het archief van Geoffrey T. Martin Nico Staring
14.45-15.15u Pauze met koffie/thee
15.15-16.15u Verslag van het opgravingsseizoen 2018 in Saqqara door de opgravingsleiders Lara Weiss
16.15-16.30u Loterijtrekking
16.30-18.00u Afsluitende borrel
vanaf 18.00u Diner in restaurant Verboden Toegang (optioneel)


Donateurs gratis, studenten € 5, anderen € 10 entree (incl. koffie en thee, excl. lunch en diner).

Deelname aan het aansluitende diner in restaurant Verboden Toegang kost ca. € 25 à € 30 (à la carte).

Verdiep uw kennis van het oude Egypte, leer meer over de begraafplaats Saqqara, ontmoet de wetenschappers die er werkzaam zijn èn uw mede-geïnteresseerden, sla uw slag op de tweedehands boekenmarkt, doe mee met een spannende loterij en geniet samen met ons van een afsluitend diner. Mis het niet!

Aanmelden kan tot en met woensdag 13 juni.

Digging Diary 6: 21.04 – 27.04.2018

2018-04-30T14:45:54+01:00April 29th, 2018|Categories: Digging Diaries 2018|

Final Digging Diary 2018 (by Lara Weiss & Christian Greco)

After Turin joined our excavations as a partner in 2015, Christian and Lara look back to this first year of their Leiden-Turin excavations directed by the two of them together.

So that was it for 2018. After a wonderful season, we closed the site today, 25 April.

We find it extremely important to dig slowly and carefully, understand the stratigraphy, and document the whole area – which means literally everything we find – as carefully as possible. For this task, we are very lucky to have found the 3D Survey Group from Politecnico di Milano willing to survey the concession and the ongoing excavations. With their new, ground-breaking method to create 3D models and orthorectified 2D images, we can now document every step of the excavations and ‘undo’ the destruction usually caused by archaeology.

Deep in the ground: photo taken from inside a tomb shaft, four meters under ground level. Alessandro Mandelli is checking the situation. (3D Survey Group, Politecnico di Milano)

The information will soon be uploaded in a new Saqqara information system, which will be an extremely useful tool – not only during the recording phase in the field but also, at a later stage, to re-elaborate the information, share it with pottery, human remains, wood or architecture specialists in a collaborative environment, and disseminate it to the wider public. We thank Prof. Corinna Rossi and her team (Francesco Fassi, Alessandro Mandelli and Luca Perfetti) for their kind cooperation, and also for their great company and friendship in the past six weeks.

A new chapel emerges from the sand.

We are very pleased with our pottery team: Barbara Aston, who has been working with the expedition since 1986, the year of the discovery of the tomb of Maya and is now finalising an important book on the pottery coming from that tomb; Lyla Pinch Brock, who has been helping Barbara and drawing lots of beautiful pots; Valentina Gasperini, assisted by Alice Salvador, who is studying the pottery coming in great quantity every day from the excavation area to the north of the tomb of Maya. The help of a new team member, Nicola dell’Aquila, photographer of the Turin Museum, has been essential for the documentation of the various artefacts we have found.

Our pottery specialist Barbara Aston at work.

Apart from new methods, we also have new questions that aim at a broader understanding of the site beyond the excavation and documentation of individual tombs. We would like to understand how our concession area functioned over the centuries. As to the pharaonic period: who decided to build his tomb where and why? Which wall decoration schemes were chosen? Which religious activities were performed? But also later, how was the area reused? By whom? And with what purpose? To help answer these questions, our excavations are currently also funded by the Dutch Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) as part of a research project called ‘The Walking Dead at Saqqara: The Making of a Cultural Geography’, supervised by Lara Weiss.

For this project, the area the Leiden-Turin team is currently excavating is particularly interesting, because it is an area in-between larger tombs where we can detect the activities of the ancient Egyptians over several millennia. In the New Kingdom, roughly around 1200 BCE, three very nice small limestone burial chapels were built in front of related burial shafts leading to subterranean burial chambers. The burials of the Late Period, in the 5th and 6th centuries BCE, were often accompanied by so-called embalmers’ caches, in which the used mummification materials of the burials of that time were placed (and sometimes burnt).

Yet again 6 or more centuries later, the Late Antique population lived here near the Monastery of Apa Jeremias, sometimes burying their children under the floor. Deputy director Paolo Del Vesco and archaeologists Miriam Müller, Nico Staring, Sarah Schrader and Jelene Ali Scheers have uncovered and documented every layer, and retrieved digging activities in the 19th century. It shows that the treasure hunts at that time were timely organized and systematic. We found three pits at equal distances from each other, of which the third one still had a 19th century basket inside.

At the end of the season it is time not only to thank our awesome team from Leiden-Turin, but also our Egyptian workmen for their hard work and enthusiasm, our Egyptian colleagues for their assistance and support, and last but not least our cooks Atef and Islam for taking good care of us in the dig house.

This was an amazing season, and we are greatly looking forward to 2019!

Our cooks Atef and Islam.

Overview over the site at the end of the season.

Digging Diary 5: 14.04 – 20.04.2018

2018-04-20T14:44:08+01:00April 20th, 2018|Categories: Digging Diaries 2018|

“Only three working days in the field next week are left of our excavation season in Saqqara. As usual, the most exciting finds come up at the end, now in fact right on time to please our former field director (and RMO curator) Maarten Raven, who visited us for a few days this week. We have now reached the bottom of the Ramesside layer and found a few decorated blocks from the north wall of the larger of the two Ramesside chapels uncovered in 2017. Again, unfortunately, no name has been preserved. Also the third, new chapel was freed from the sand and now shows, for example, a beautiful burial procession scene with many vivid colours still preserved. Yet again the chapel owner remains anonymous. Perhaps we will find a name when we will excavate the related shaft in 2019. Finally, beside recording and documentation, we have now also started to clean and restore the reliefs and architectural elements with the help of our Egyptian colleagues.”

Lara Weiss

Artist Alice Salvador drawing objects in the tomb of Horemheb.


Our Egyptian colleagues restoring the larger Ramesside chapel north of the tomb of Maya.

“Loose Bone Material”
(by Ali Jelene Scheers, Bone specialist)

Since arriving in Saqqara two weeks ago, I’ve been working on the bone material: new finds as well as bones found in previous seasons. When I arrived the new storage space in the tomb of Maya had just been finished. The bones found during the excavations of the tombs of both Maya and ‘Pay & Raia’ had been stored here in wooden crates since they were last studied. These crates were labeled by the previous excavators, but the storage situation was not ideal. Stacked five high on top of each other, the wooden crates had started to deteriorate considerably since the late ’80s and ’90s. A carpenter has now built wooden shelves, which greatly improves the accessibility of the crates (especially if you need a crate from the very bottom!) and creates a safer work environment (no more collapsing crates). When I arrived, all crates were put out into the forecourt of the tomb of Maya to make space for the construction works inside the storage room. I spent the first few days in the field figuring out what was in the crates, making an inventory, and then placing the bone material orderly into the ‘new’ storage room. From next year onwards, the bone material will be placed in plastic boxes as a next step of improvement, in terms of both storage and accessibility of the material for future research.

Ali sorting the crates in the new storage shelves.

After the storage room was completed, I focused on the loose bone material that was found this year. ‘Loose bone material’ includes all bones found during the excavations without any relation to other bones, i.e. bones that were not found in situwith a skeleton. When robbers entered a tomb to look for valuables, the skeletal material itself was not important to them. This material then often ended up scattered around the tomb shafts. As time moves on, the elements and animals in the area caused the bones to scatter farther and farther from the shaft they originally belonged to, until we excavate them. Of course, we don’t know where the bones have moved over time, so when excavating loose bones it is usually impossible to reassemble them to reconstruct skeletons. Therefore this material is quite challenging to interpret. What I do, is to record in detail what bone has been found where, and then use this information to make an educated guess about what we have found.

Excavating one of the child burials. As there are many small bone parts which could get lost, the sand around the burial was carefully sieved.

For example, if we found two left legs, two right legs, one right arm and three skulls in a certain context, I can say that at least three individuals are represented here: the left and right legs might belong to two individuals, but they might also belong to four separate individuals. The skulls provide me the clearest indication: at least three individuals were represented, as an individual with three heads is slightly unlikely.

As we’re digging deeper in the north area, the amount of scattered bones and bone fragments appearing from the sand becomes smaller. Last year, when we were much higher up, I processed around 1600 loose bones. This year, I’ve only processed around 300, leaving me much more time to focus on other things – such as the nice burials we found. Three of the four burials we found belonged to subadult individuals: a cursory examination of the remains indicates that one belongs to a neonate and one to a child between two and three years of age. These two burials were each wrapped in a cloth, which I have painstakingly removed from the remains of the little skeletons. The removal is hindered by the fact that some of the cloth falls apart as soon as you touch it, and the other part is clumped together in an impenetrable mass. So I’ve been slowly wetting part of the textile, in order to carefully lift it with my tweezers. Add in the fact that the bones themselves are lying quite loose in the material, that is a situation where you barely dare to breathe when working in hot weather conditions. Once a burial is fully excavated, it is ready for further analysis. Since we have only three working days left, this will probably be a job for next year. Hopefully I’ll be able to update you on my findings then!

Excavating the sole adult burial of this season. In order not to disturb the contexts around the burial, we sometimes have to take on uncomfortable positions!